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Practitioner Toolkit

Young woman talking to a practitioner

The Practitioner Toolkit contains information and tools for issues arising in work with children, young people and families.

This page contains resources on concerns which might arise while helping a child or family, organised by topics, linked to searches for local organisations which can support work around that topic. Links to national services, helplines and information resources are also included.

All resources on this page are free to use by anyone who has a concern about a child or family. 

Is it safeguarding?

Before using, it please consider; is there a safeguarding concern?

If you are unsure, discuss with your Safeguarding lead or with your Locality Community & Support Service worker, referring to the Oxfordshire Threshold of Needs Matrix and Early Help Assessment on the OSCB website and the Multi Agency Safeguarding Hub on the Oxfordshire County Council website.

Are Special Educational Needs and/or disability a factor?

The Oxfordshire Local Offer for Young Poeple with Special Educational Needs (SEND Local Offer) provides access to comprehensive information for children, young peole, parents and the professionals who support them about local provision and how to access it.

Click on the topic to expand the section:

ADHD

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) can occur at any age. Symptoms include restlessness, hyperactivity, impulsivity and fearless and chaotic behaviour. ADHD can interfere with learning, parenting and the healthy development of the child and impact on siblings, friends and family members.

Tools

ADHD Together - tools to support mood management, anger control, time management and more - open bookmarks for full list

ADHD Protocol for Schools - Oxfordshire Schools Intranet

Links

ADHD on NHS Direct

Helplines

Mind Infoline 9am-6pm, Mon-Fri (except for bank holidays) 0300 123 3393  info@mind.org.uk Text: 86463

Search

ADHD on the Family Information Service

Alcohol Misuse

Alcohol misuse can occur at any age, but harm is most serious to the individual’s health in a developing child, including adolescents, children and while the mother is pregnant.

Alcohol causes both short-term risk and long-tern health damage, linked to the quantity and regularity of the misuse. Harm to the family, and damage to social and professional life can occur at any age and is linked to the seriousness of the alcohol misuse.

Tools

Alcohol Concern Publications - also factsheets, posters, tools apps and more 

Identification and Brief Advice - the main tools including M SASQ, AUDIT, FAST and 5-Alcohol.

OSCB Parental Substance Misuse Toolkit 

Alcohol misuse in families resources from Alcohol Concern

Links

Alcohol on NHS Direct

Oxfordshire Wellbeing Cloud (Turning Point / Roads to Recovery)

Helplines

Alcohol Concern – runs the national drink helpline, Drinkline on 0300 123 1110
Alcoholics Anonymous – helpline 0845 769 7555
Al-Anon Family Groups – helpline 020 7403 0888

Search 

Alcohol misuse support on the Family Information Service Directory

Anger

Most people feel angry at times, but when anger is interfering with life, schooling, employment and relationships, then the individual and their supporters may need to support to improve behaviours.

Tools

The I Am? Book - copies are available from your local Children and Family Centre 

The Keep Your Cool Kit from the British Association of Anger Management

Moodjuice - print out self help guides, audio guides including anger, anxiety and more.

Helpline

CALM - Campaign Against Living Miserably (for men in crisis)  - 0800 58 58 58 5pm-midnight 36 days a yar

Oxfordshire Mind Infoline - 01865 247788 9.30am – 4.30pm (mon – fri)

Links

Young minds on Anger

Recommended Books

What to do when your temper flares - Dawn Huebner, available from your local public library

Starving the Anger Gremlin - Kate Collins Donnelly

Anger management games for children - Deborah M. Plummer

Diretory Search

Don't forget to search for organisations rthat can help with anger on the Family Information Service Directory

Anxiety

Anxiety involves feeling large amounts of unease, worry and fear. These natural, although painful, emotions, become anxiety when they are felt often, or without a reason, or interfere with life, relationships and health.

Tools

AnxietyBC - sections for children, youth and adults, with instruction videos

Mindshift App - free app available on android and iphone.

No Panic's Beginner's Guide to Anxiety and Panic relaxation techniques, affirmations and more

Free Mind Stress and Anxiety Guide

Links

Mind - anxiety and panic attacks

No Panic - telephone and online services

Young Minds - anxiety factsheets and more for young people

Helplines

No Panic Helpline - 10am-10pm every day, youth helpline and out of hours relaxation message

Young Minds Parents Helpline - 9.30am-4pm Mon-Fri for any adult worried about a young person up to age 25

Search

Anxiety on the Oxfordshire Family Information Service

Attachment

Although attachment can be applied more broadly, generally speaking it refers to the bond between a child and their primary caregiver. Attachment develops when a child is cared for and a caregiver consistently meets a child's needs. Attachment to a loving and protective caregiver who provides emotional warmth is very important to health development, especially in early years.

Tools

The Coventry Grid 2 - ASD vs Attachment Problems by Heather Moran

Links

Children's attachment on NICE

Helplines

Family Lives (formerly Parentline) - 0808 800 2222 9am – 9pm, Monday to Friday and 10am – 3pm Saturday and Sunday

Search

Attachment on the Oxfordshire Family Information Service Directory 

Autism, Autistic Spectrum Disorder

Autism is a mental condition, present from early childhood, but sometimes diagnosed later, involving difficulty in communicating and forming relationships with other people and in using language and abstract concepts.

Tools

The National Autistic Society - strategies, behaviour, communication and more

Autism Education Trust - Large site with sections for professionals, parents, teachers, young people with resources and more

Links

Early Years SEN Team - Oxfordshirre County Council

SENSS Communication and Interaction Support Service - Oxfordshire County Council

Schools would also normally receive advice and guidance from the a provider of Educational Psychology Services, suach as the Oxfordshire County Council Educational Psychology Service.

Key Local Services

SENSS Communication and Interaction Support Service -  works in partnership to secure good outcomes and a positive future for children and young people with speech, language and communication needs (SLCN) and Autism Spectrum Conditions (ASC).

Helplines

National Autistic Society Helpline - 0808 800 4104 - Monday-Thursday 10am - 4pm, Friday 9am - 3pm

Search

Autism on the Oxfordshire Family Information Service Directory

Benefits

When a family has problems with benefits it is worth going to the root problem - lack of money. Boosting cash coming into the family (by increasing the numbers of family members in paid work, for example) or reducing outflow of funds through addressing issues around debt, gambling, substance misuse etc. can provide similar help to resolving issues with benefits.

Toolkits

Entitled To independent Benefits information - affordability calculator, better off calculator, adviser access and more

Turn to us independent benefits information - searches benefits and grants

Universal Credit Partner Toolkit on Gov.uk

Links

Gov.uk Benefits Portal - large but comprehensive

Money Advice Service - Free impartial money advice including benefits

Child Poverty Action Group - advisers available

Helplines

Money Advice Line Mon-Fri 8am-8pm, Sat 9am-1pm 0800 138 7777 free

Child Poverty Action Group Helpline, Mon-Fri 10am-12pm, 2pm-4pm - 020 7812 5231.

Search

Organisations which can help with benefits in the online Service Directory

Bereavement, Grief

Bereavement is when someone in a family dies. Distress, sorrow and upset are normal even if the relationship was complex. There may also be practical problems with household finances and organisation.

Tools

Schools information packs from Seesaw include a pack to use with young people with klearning disabilities

Bereavement resources from Macmillan leanzone

Bereavement information sheets from Child Bereavement UK

Links

Deaths from Oxfordshire County Council, including the Oxfordshire Bereavement Guide

Child Bereavement UK - for when a child has died

Winston's Wish - for when a child is bereaved

Hope Again - supporting young people who have been bereaved

Helplines

Seesaw provides telephone consultation and grief support in Oxfordshire

Oxfordshire Cruse 01865 245398

Child Bereavement UK 0800 0288840

Winston's wish 08088 020 021

Recommended Books

Sad Book by Michael Rosen and Roald Dahl - this links to a long a excerpt from the book, but you can also get it from your public library.

Muddles, Puddles and Sunshine by Diane Crossley (Activity Book for younger readers)

Frog and the Birdsong by Max Velthuijs, Andersen Press

Directory Search

Don't forget to search for organisations which can support with bereavement on the Oxfordshire Family Information Service Directory!

Body Image, appearance

Anxiety about body image is very common in children and adolescents. It is more common in girls but can also occur in boys. Where there are body image concerns, work to raise self esteem and build confidence can by more challenging.

Toolkits

Be Real Resources - round-up of resources to build self esteem for teachers, youth leaders, parents and more

Dove Self Esteem Project - articles, evidence-based resources and activities, and more

BBC Videos: Your Body Your Image - short videos from the BBC and UWE Bristol exploring issues around body image

Self Esteem Talking Heads - Looking at the online/offline divide 

Media Smart Body Image resources - includes good resources for boys

Links

Be Real - the campaign for body confidence

Helplines

B-Eat helpline adults 0808 801 0677 help@b-eat.co.uk youthline 0808 801 0711 fyp@b-eat.co.uk - 365 days a year: 4pm-10pm (eating disorders)

Mind Infoline 9am-6pm, Mon-Fri (except for bank holidays) 0300 123 3393  info@mind.org.uk Text: 86463

Search

Looking for local organisations which can support? Try searching the Family Information Service Directory. Start with this search for self esteem.

 

Boredom

Most people feel bored at times, but constant or disruptive boredom can be a symptom of neglect, mental health problems, or learning difficulties or disabilities. Boredom may also be involved in risk-taking behaviours such as drug or alcohol abuse, petty offending or risky sexual behaviour.

Tools

The I Am? Book - copies are available from your local Children and Family Centre

Oxfordshire Safeguarding Boad Neglect Toolkit including the Child Care and Development Checklist

Moodjuice depression self-help guide


Helplines

The Mix Helpline for young people under 25 - 0808 808 4994 11am-11pm every day

Campaign Against Living Miserably (CALM) for men 0800 58 58 58 5pm-midnight

Family Lives Helpline - 0808 800 2222

Links

Family Lives Parenting Support

Search

Find Activities for young People and Activities for Families

Breastfeeding

Breastfeeding gives health benefits to the baby and mother, and promotes healthy attachment. Even where exclusive breastfeeding is not possible, some breastfeeding is beneficial.

Tools

NHS Breastfeeding support - includes videos, mythbusting and more

Best Beginnings - includes the free, award-winning Baby Buddy App

Breastfeeding Network - Factsheets, drug safety, helpline and more

Links

Oxfordshire Breastfeeding Support - support groups, resources, Facebook Group and more

Oxford Health Useful links - look under breastfeeding

Oxford University Hospitals - Infant Feeding

Helplines

National Breastfeeding Helpline 0300 100 0212 9.30am-9.30pm

Association of Breastfeeding Mothers 0300 330 5453 9.30am-10.30pm

La Leche League 0345 120 2918 - flexible times

Search

Oxfordshire Infant Feeding Services - breast pumps, human milk bank, maternity services in Oxfordshire

Organisations which can support with breastfeeding on the oxfordshire Family Information Service Directory

Bullying

Bullying is deliberately hurting or upsetting someone, physically or emotionally. It usally happens over time or repeatedly, and is often denied or hidden. Although more common in children, it can happen at any age.

Tools

Anti-Bullying toolkit on the Oxfordshire Schools Site

Restorative Practice Overview on Teaching with Teachers

Restorative Justice Resources from the Restorative Justice Council

Links

Bullies Out

Anti-Bullying Alliance - home of anti-bullying week

Helplines

Childline - 0800 1111 help for children

ACAS - 0300 123 1100 for problems in the workplace

Search

Anti-bullying on the Family Information Service Directory

Care Leaver

Young people leaving care are eligible for extra help and should have a personal adviser. If you are working with a young person leaving care identifying who is supporting them is a key first step.

Toolkits

NSPCC Returning home from care toolkit

The Really Useful Book for Care Leavers (RUBLE) and the Really Useful Book Staff Guide are workbook-based resources from the Learning & Work Institute  to help care leavers get used to living independently and make decisions about education and work. They also have an Employer Guide to Supporting Care Leavers.

Links

Become (Formerly the Who cares? trust)

Shelter housing information for young people leaving care 

Helplines

Become Charity Care Advice line 0800 023 2033 open Mon-Fri 10-30am-3pm.

Search

 Children in care on the Family Information Service Directory

Challenging Behaviour

Challenging behaviour can include shouting and screaming, hitting, pushing or kicking other people, throwing things or harming or hurting themselves. It is harmful to the person and others around them and stops the person doing normal activities, such as making friends or learning. It is stressful and exhausting both for the person suffering from it and for those supporting such as parents, carers and professionals. It is not a learning disability, but people with a disability are more likely to suffer from challenging behaviour.

Tools

Positive Behaviour Support Guide from United Response -  plus email newsletter and more

Minded E-Learning and Information for Parents- look for topics like agression, difficult behaviour and in a crisis; the parent information section includes useful worksheets

Links

Challenging Behaviour from Mencap

The Challenging Behaviour Foundation - email newsletter, resources and more

Helplines

Mencap Helpline 9am - 6pm, Mon-Fri 0808 808 1111.

Young Minds Parents Helpline 9.30-4pm, Mon- Fri. 0808 802 5544 (free for mobiles and landlines)

Search

Local organisations which can help with Challenging Behaviour on the Service Directory. 

Child Sexual Exploitation

Child sexual exploitation (CSE) is when anyone aged under 18 is being exploited for sex. The exploitation can involve money, gifts or favours, as well as things like emotional manipulation, threats and violence. The young person may perceive the exploitation as a relationship, or may be unwilling to disclose the abuse for other reasons like fear or embarassment. 

Tools

Barnardo's Real Love Rocks - Primary and Secondary animations, worksheets and more

CSE Screening tool and Horizon Referral Form on the OSCB website

CSE and Sexual Abuse Resource Category on the Social Woker's Toolkit

Exploited video and resources from CEOP

Whitney's story (Eastenders mini-episode)

Loves me, loves me not quiz

Eradicating Child Sexual Exploitation Toolkit - comprehensive resource from the Lucy Faithfull Foundation

Links

CSE on oxme - leaflet and young person's checklist

CSE on NSPCC - videos, research, signs and symptoms and more

Helpline

Kingfisher helpline (Oxfordshire) 01865 309196

PACE Telephone Support for Parents - 0113 240 5226

Search

Search for CSE on the Oxfordshire Family Information Service Directory.

Criminal Exploitation

Criminal Exploitation happens when children are persuaded or forced into criminal behaviour such as dealing grugs, selling or storing illegal goods, providing premises for illegal acts, or committing acts of violence, theft or vandalism. Vulnerable adults are also at risk. Those affected are at risk of addiction, criminalisation, mental health damage, violence and more complex forms of abuse like child sexual exploitation, gang membership and modern slavery. Families may be involved, trying to address the problem, or unaware. This is a safeguarding issue which requires police involvement.

Tools

There is information about Gangs, Modern Slavery and Criminal Exploitation on the oxme.info website

Criminal Exploitation of Children and Vulnerable Adults - County Lines leaflet and case studies from UK Gov

Safecall Service - From the charity Missing people, this service gives phone support to children, families and professionals where a child is going missing and where criminal exploitation (going country, road, county lines, gang involvement) is suspected or known. Refer online or call 020 8392 5710.

Links

NSPCC Gangs and Young people

Helpline

NSPCC Helpline  24/7  0808 800 5000

Missing People Helpline 24/7 116 000

Local Organisations

Local organisations which can help including Victims support and SAFE.

Cyberbullying

Cyberbullying is where social networking sites, the internet or mobile decvices are used in bullying. As well being a common feature of most bullying situations, it can sometimes occur in isolation, where part of the anxiety is not knowing who is doing the bullying.

Toolkits

Facebook Safety Centre - comprehensive guide from the world's biggest social network

Oxfordshire Cyberbullying and Internet Safety Toolkit - includes the Oxfordshire cyberbullying survey

Cyberbullying - gone too far - Childnet resource with an LGBT focus.

Links

UK Safer Internet Centre  - E-Safety and Cyberbullying

Think U Know - Internet safety for all ages from CEOP

Helplines

Professionals Online Safety Helpline 0844 381 4772 helpline@saferinternet.org.uk Mon-FRi 10am-4pm

Online Safety Helpline from the NSPCC and O2 0808 8005002

Search

Cyberbullying on the Family Information Service Directory

 

Deafblindness, multi-sensory impairment

Deafblindness is both sight and hearing loss. Mutli-sensory impaiment is sometimes preferred as a term. There may be other complex needs. It affects ability to communicate, get all kinds of information and get around. A deafblind person can usually see and hear a bit, but both senses are reduced enough to cause difficulties in everyday life.

Tools

Inclusuive Play Toolkits from Sense

Links

Sense - National Charity for people who are deafblind or have sensory impairment

SENSS Multi Sensory Impairment Team - Oxfordshire County Council

Deafblindness on NHS Direct

Helplines

Deafblind UK Helpline - plus lots of online information and advice 9am-5pm Mon-Thu, 9am-4pm Fri)

Search

Deafblindness on the Family Information Service Directory

Dental Hygiene, Dental Health

Poor Dental Hygiene and Dental Health cause dental caries, tooth loss, infections and contribute to social and emotional problems. It has also been linked to more serious health problems like diabetes, heart disease and cancer. To support their health, children and pregnant women are eligible for free dental treatment on the NHS, so dental issues may also be an indicater for more serious underlying issues, such as being neglected at home, parental drug and alcohol problems, mental health concerns or family conflict.

Tools

Easy Read Dental Booklets from Community Dental Services

Posters and leaflets from the British Society of Paediatric Dentristy including Dental Check by One, advice and questionnaire for parents of children with autism 

Dental Buddy Fun downloadable resources for children

Links

Take care of your teeth - NHS

Childrens Teeth  - NHS

Helplines

NHS 111 (call 111) can advise on dental issues and help you find your nearest emergency dentist

Dental Helpline from the Oral Health Foundation 01788 539780 (local rate call in the UK), for free and impartial advice 9am-5pm Mon-Fri

Local Sevices

Oxfordshire Community Dental Services  - Oral health promotion, resource library and more

Oxford Health Specialised Dental Services - for those with medical conditions, including phobias, mental health issues and learning disabilities

Search the Family Information Service or Livewell Oxfordshire for services to support with Dental issues.

Disability Abuse

Disability abuse is when someone exploits, abuses or neglects someone with a disability. People with a disability may be less able to protect themsleves or seek help. There may be a care relationship alongside the abuse, but the risk may also come from friends or strangers. Disability abuse can happen at all ages.

Toolkits

Safeguarding Deaf and Disabled children - Researech, Serious Case reviews and more from the NSPCC

Safeguarding Disabled Children Practice Guidance - from Gov.uk

Links

Oxfordshire Safeguarding Children Procedures Manual - Disabled Children

Abuse and Neglect of Vulnerable Adults - NHS

Helpline

NSPCC Helpline - help@nspcc.org.uk - 0808 800 5000 - 24/7

Action on Elder Abuse helpline - 080 8808 8141 Mon-Fri, 9am-5pm

Search

Local organisations which can help can be found on Livewell Oxfordshire and the Family Information Service.

Divorce, separation

Divorce and parental separation is typically a time of stress for the whole family. The emotional pressures and stresses can cause out of character behaviour in all family members. While parents usually have high awareness of the needs of their children, this urge to care can be complicated by their own needs, conflicting emotions and the urgency of practical considerations.

Toolkits

Sesame Street Divorce Toolkit - gentle and useful resources, suitable for younger children but engaging for all - videos, printables, activities, songs.

Sorting Out Separation - comprehensive goverment website, includes a useful parenting plan pro-forma among many other resources

Relate Separation and Divorce - information for adults in relationship breakdown

Divorce and Money Calculator - from the Money Advice Service

Links

www.sortingoutseparation.org.uk - tools and guides, plans, fact sheets, videos and more

theparentconnection.org.uk - parenting after parting, including an online learning tool called "Getting it Right for Children When Parents Part"

www.separatedfamilies.info - parenting apart guides, practical and emotional

Helplines

Family Lives Helpline - 0808 800 2222 9am – 9pm, Monday to Friday and 10am – 3pm Saturday and Sunday, listening, supportive and non-judgemental

Relate talk to someone -  0300 100 1234 or direct contact with counsellors via webchat on their website

Recommended Books

Mum and Dad Glue by Kes Grey

It’s Not your Fault, Koko Bear – read together book for parents and children experiencing divorce, with tips for parents by Vicki Lansky

Directory Search

Don't forget to search for organisations which can provide support around Divorce and Separation from the Family Information Service Directory!

Domestic Abuse

Domestic abuse is any incident or pattern of incidents of controlling, coercive, threatening behaviour, violence or abuse between those aged 16 or over who are, or have been, intimate partners or family members regardless of gender or sexuality.

Toolkits

OSCB Domestic Abuse Themes and Tools

Risk Identification and Assessment - DASH, DOM5, MARAC and more

Oxfordshire Domestic Abuse Pathway for Young People (Aug 2018)

Safe Lives Knowledge Hub masses of resources including for young people, older people, LGBT etc.

16 Days of Action Toolkit - posters, briefings and more

Programmes and Courses

Recovery Toolkit - 12 week programme for women who have experienced domestic abuse

Perpetrator programmes - Reducing the Riak information for perpetrators plus 12-week perpetrator programme, available from multiple locations across Thames Valley, regular start dates. Support also provided to the perpetrator's partner.

Freedom Programme - courses for women and men who want to improve their behaviour

The Day programme - comprehensive multi-media education tool that equips young people to recognise domestic abuse and exploitation and critique popular culture

Links

Reducing the Risk of Domestic Abuse

Oxfordshire County Council Domestic Abuse pages

Thames Valley Police Domestic Abuse pages - Reporting, support and how to make an application under Clare's law

White Ribbon Day - Campaign to end harassment and violence against women

Helplines

National Domestic Violence Helpline - 0808 2000 247 24 hours

Comprehensive Domestic Abuse helpline list from Reducing the Risk

National LGBT Domestic Abuse Helpline - 0800 999 5428 help@galop.org.uk see website for opening hours - trans specific service and online chat available

Directory Search

Don't forget to search for organisations which can provide support around Domestic Abuse from the Family Information Service Directory!

Down Syndrome

Down's syndrome, also known as Down syndrome or trisomy 21, is a genetic condition that causes learning disability and can make some health problems more likely. People with Down's syndrome have different personalities and abilities. Everyone born with Down's syndrome will have some degree of learning disability, but this will be different for each person.

Toolkits

Oxfordshire County Council Early Years Toolkit for Children with Down Syndrome

Oxfordshire Down Syndrome Pathway

Down's Syndrome Association - new parents pack, section for adults with Down's Syndrome, factsheets and more

SENSS Down Syndrome and Complex Needs Team - Eligibility for service and other useful downloads are in the right-hand column under downloads

Links

Early Years SEN Team - Oxfordshire County Council

Down Syndrome Guide - NHS

Helplines

Down's Syndrome Association Helpline 0333 1212 300 Mon-Fri 10am-4pm

Search

Oragnisations on the Family Information Service which can provide support around Down Syndrome in Oxfordshire.

Drugs, substance misuse

Substance misuse (taking drugs) is a problem for individuals when it has a negative impact on their mental or physical health, family organisation, job/learning or finances. Heavy and habitual drug use causes the most serious problems, but occasional, intense use can also cause crises. There can be serious negative effects from brief, experimental or even first use. Substance misuse is also a problem within households, where it can cause disruption to childcare and neglect, as well as financial, housing and relationship problems.

Different drugs have different effects, and some are perceived as more serious than others. However, any substance which is causing damage to an individual or family, but which that individual is unwilling or unable to stop using, is a serious problem, even if the drug is legal (alcohol), legal in some countries (Cannabis), or novel (synthetic highs).

NOTE: Although occasional, experimental use of substances often occurs during adolescent and early adult years, regular drug use in teenagers is associated with disrupted development, school drop-out, criminal initiation and grooming, as well as accidents and violence. Wherever exclusion on grounds of substance misuse occurs, drugs grooming should be considered.

Tools

Parental Substance Misuse Toolkit from OSCB

SCODA Risk Assessment with Paretal Drug Misuse from CAFCASS

The Family Workbook and pull-out guide to help families discuss substance misuse problems with their children

Criminal Exploitation of children and vulnerable adults: County Lines guidance - Gov guidance includes Case studies, screening, flow-chart and more

AdFam publications for family use: Bouncing Back and the Living With and Journeys Series

Drugs Meter evidence based harm reduction tool, also available as an app.

Links

Talk to Frank - prevention-focussed but non-judgemental

Drugwise Factsheets and infographics - useful monthly update email

Helplines

Talk to Frank - National Drugs helpline 24/7

Local Services

Roads to Recovery Oxfordshire - self referral online

Wellbeing Cloud Oxfordshire - look under self help

Aquarius Drugs Service Oxfordshire - for children misusing or affected, based at Children & Family Centres

Search for more Oxfordshire substance muisuse services in the directory.

Eating Disorders

An eating disorder is when a person changes their eating habits or behaviours in a way that harms their mental or physical health. It can happen at any age, though children aged 8-17 may be more at risk. It can involve eating too much or too little, or becoming obsessed with weight or body shape. It may also include things like hiding the disordered eating, taking steps to conceal weight gain or loss, self poisoning or inappropriate use of medication and over-exercising. Eating disorders can occur on their own or alongside things like depression, alcohol/drug misuse or sexual abuse. Eating disorders damage individual and family functioning, interrupt healthy development, and cause serious health problems, which can be life-limiting or even fatal.

Referral

Referral for children (under 18) is via the CAMHS Single Point of Access. Referral for adults is via GP.

Tools

Disordered Eating for School Staff - Leaflet from Oxford Health

Cotswold House Useful Resources for Eating Disorders - Oxford Health Eating Disorder Service

Eating Disorders and Pregnancy - Nutrition leaflets, Case studies and more

SEED - Hull-based eating disorders service with good online resources

Links

Eating Disorders on CAMHS

Beat Eating Disorders - UK Charity

NHS Eating Disorders - includes information for freinds and family

Eating Disorders in Males - as many as 1 in 4 suffers may be male and symptoms may present differently

Helplines

Beat Helpline 0808 801 0677
Beat Studentline 0808 801 0811
Beat Youthline 0808 801 0711

All Beat Helplines are open 365 days a year from 12pm – 8pm during the week, and 4pm – 8pm on weekends and bank holidays, with one-to-one webchat and email support also available

Search

Search online for local organisations that can help with eating disorders in Oxfordshire

Emotional dysregulation, mood swings

Emotional dysregulation is used to describe out of proportion or uncontrolled emotional. Being moody, sensitive or prone to outbursts is normal at different stages and ages. But for some, emotional responses become a problem for themselves and others, and interfere with successful development and functioning.

Toolkits

The Huge Bag of Worries, The Worry Ball - books which support discussion of worries

Blob Trees - simple cartoons to help children talk about emotions

All about me and I am? workbooks - available from your local Children and Family Centre

Links

Young Minds - resources, reports, policy and more

Young Minds - parents support zone

Helplines

YoungMinds Parents' Helpline 0808 802 5544 (Mon-Fri 9.30am to 4pm)

Family Lives Parentline Plus 0808 800 2222 for information, advice, guidance and support on any aspect of parenting and family life, open 9am – 9pm, Mon-Fri and 10am–3pm Sat-Sun 

Search

Find local organisations that can help with emotional dysregulation in Oxfordshire.

Employment, Education and Training

Young people are expected to stay in full time education until age 16, continue in some form of learning (such as sixth form, college or an apprenticeship) until age 18 and then transition into their adult employment. Unemployment, underemployment, low aspirations and leaving learning early can all have a negative impact on earning potential, household finances and stability. There are also safeguarding, mental health and generational disadvantage risks.

Tools

oxme.info - the earn and learn sections

i-could - great video content for raising aspirations

Barclays Life Skills -  online assessment practice, interview practice, wheel of strengths and more

Links

National Apprenticeship Service

National Careers Service

Oxme opportunities

Careers Information Advice and Guidance (CEIAG) for Oxfordshire Schools

Helplines

National Careers Service 0800 100 900 8am-10pm web chat also available

Oxfordshire EET Service 01865 328460 web chat also available

Search

Suitable searches might include jobseeking. You can also find young people's jobclubs in Oxfordshire listed on oxme.info.

Female Genital Mutilation, FGM, cutting

Female genital mutilation (FGM), also known as 'female circumcision' or 'female genital cutting' is a practice that involved partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, narrowing or closing of the vaginal opening, or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons. Girls may be abused through FGM at any age. While there may be a traditional "age" (which may be as early at birth or as late as adolesence) or methods, these are changed to enable the abuse. Although it is most associated with some cultures and communities, risk is present in any community with strong community, cultural or religious attitudes around sexuality, virginity and marriagability. FGM is abuse and illegal in the UK under multiple laws. Support is available for adult survivors of FGM, and girls at risk must be safeguarded.  

Tools

OSCB FGM Page, this includes the OSCB FGM Local Procedures, screening tool and strategy

The Three Key Questions about FGM for midwives, health visitors and others assessing FGM risk (high risk, unknown risk, and universal).

Helpline

The NSPCC FGM helpline is free anonymous, and open 24/7 0800 028 3550

Links

The Oxford Rose Clinic - Confidential service for women and girls who have undergone FGM. Includes support around contraception and sexual health, pregnancy, health complications and treatment.

Oxford Against Cutting - local training and awareness raising, support groups for survivors and more

Search

Find organisations which can support with FGM on the Oxfordshire Family Information Service Directory

Hearing Impaiment, Deafness

Hearing impairment or deafness in children refers to all levels of hearing loss. It may be partial or total loss, temporary or permanent. Deafness affects communication, language development, and can be associated with lack of awareness of suroundings, anxiety and withdrawal as they cannot hear.

Toolkits

National Deaf Children Society Communication Tools - there are many other resources on the their website

Eligibility criiteria and other useful downloads are available from the SENNS Hearing Impairment Team - downloads are in the right hand column

Links

SENSS Hearing Impairment Team, all children with hearing loss which might impact on educational access are referred by health to this team.

Oxfordshire County Council Sensory Impairment Team works with Oxfordshire children who have a hearing loss, visual loss or both.

Helplines

National Deaf Children Society Helpline Mon-Fi 9am-5pm 0808 800 8880

Search

Search the Family Information Service Directory for more Oxfordshire organisations that can help with hearing loss.

Home Education

Some parents educate their children at home. Usually the Oxfordshire County Council Inclusion Service is aware that a child is being educated at home. Home schooling is not in itself a risk factor for abuse or neglect. Consider what the actual concerns are.

Toolkits

Edplace Guide to home education - a simple, free introduction from one of the commercial providers

Children not educated in school: learning from case reviews - NSPCC

Links

Elective Home Education - rules pathways and referral forms, on the Oxfordshire schools intranet

Being educated at home - information for the public and parents

Home Education - infromation for young people

Oxfordshire Home Educators - active online support group for local home educators

Helpline

Education otherwise helpline and enquiry service

Search

Organisations which can help with Homeschooling in Oxfordshire.

Honour Based Abuse

Honour Based Abuse is any type of abuse committed against a person in order to protect or defend the perceived ‘honour’ of a family or community. Abuse can range from emotional pressure to murder and includes significant offences like forced marriage and false imprisonment.

Tools

HBA Posters from Karama Nirvana

Honour Based Abuse from Reducing the Risk - film, resources, leaflets, definitions, information, links and more

Links

Thames Valley Police Domestic Abuse Pages - included forced marriage and HBA information, plus Hidden harm for an information video and lists of signs

Karma Nirvana - Survivor Stories, helpline, practical advice

Helplines

Karma Nirvana Helpline 0800 5999 247 Monday - Friday: 9am - 5pm. 

Search

Search for local organisations that can help.

Housing, at Risk of Homelessness

Families at risk of homelessness are vulnerable. Solving housing issues takes energy away from tackling other issues. Anxiety over housing makes problems worse, and shifts a family’s priorities away from caring for their children. You may also find that poor quality, inadequate or inappropriate housing, insecure housing and sofa-surfing are causing problems for children and families. But there is support available to stop families and individuals becoming homeless - and it can often be accessed early, before problems become severe or entrenched.

Housing Referral Process

All Statutory Bodies, including Oxfordshire County Council (all staff) are required to refer anyone who is homeless, or at risk of becoming homeless within 56 days, to a local housing authority. The aim of this early referral is to allow time for support to be put in place to avoid that person becoming homeless in the first place.

Local Housing Authorities

Housing and homeless support is available from your local housing authorities (City and District Councils).

Tools

National Homelessness Advice Service - standard letters, factsheets, dedicated section for housing support for young people

Shelter Housing Advice - Advice on all kinds of housing topics

Reporting Rough Sleepers

All rough sleepers should be reported. When rough sleepers are reported, the report is sent as an alert to a street outreach team run by a sympathetic local charity. Workers from this charity will approach that person to discuss their needs and support them to stop sleeping rough.

Report rough sleepers via www.streetlink.org.uk or call Streetlink on 0300 500 0914

Links and Helplines

Shelterline - 0344 515 1380 - open 365 days a year, 8am-8pm weekdays and 9am-5pm weekends

Crisis Skylight Drop-in (Oxford) - Daily drop-in at 2pm

Find Local Services

Find local services that can provide support around homelessness in Oxfordshire.

Language barriers

Individuals with little or no written or spoken English can find themselves isolated and unable to access services effectively. They may be more vulnerable to abuse and less able to ask for help. Language barriers can interfere with practice and make it harder to assess, support and protect families. 

Tools

Rewordify can be used to simplify English text

xkcd Simple Writer will highlight difficult words in written English

Google translate can be used in situations where accessing translation services is impracticable but use with care

Links

People whose first language is not English: learning from case reviews - from the NSPCC 

Helplines

Support is often available from the usual sources, but may need to be pre-arranged or booked to ensure the appropriate language support is in place. If the person is more comfortable with written communicatoion, online chat services and forums are widely available, e.g.

Samaritans support for non-English speakers

Childline 1-2-1 Counsellor Chat 

Local services

EMBS can provide English study alongside access to National Careers Service and more (Oxford and Banbury)

Search the Service Directory for organisations which can help with English, language and translation

Low income, poverty, financial hardship

Households with low income are more at risk from stress, debt and anxiety as well as poor nutrition, health and housing. Problems can include things like interruptions or overpaying for internet access or other utilities, insufficient food and warmth to maintain health, especially for young or old family members and risky or insecure housing. Low income families are also less able to recover easily from problems, and common risky activities like gambling, smoking and substance misuse may be more risky for a low income family.

Tools

Money Advice Service Tools and calculators 

Trussel Trust Guide to using a Foodbank N.B. There are also independent foodbacks in Oxfordshire

Buttle Small Grants - small grants for where other sources of support have been exhausted

Links

Help if you are on a low income from Citizens Advice

In work - on a low income from Turn2us

Helplines

The Money Advice Service Mon-Fri 8am-8pm and Sat 9am-1pm. Sunday and Bank Holidays, closed.

Search

Try searching the Oxfordshire Family Information Service for local organisations that can help with income or poverty

Search Money Matters on Livewell Oxfordshire

Mental Health

Mental Health problems are common. Most people will suffer them at some point in their lives. They can happen as a result of stresses or can occur spontaneously, without cause. There is also information under specific issues such as depression, anxiety or emotional dysregulation. These links and resources may be most useful when you are not yet sure what the issue is.

Tools

Time to change resources - tip cards, conversation starters and more, aimed to help friends and family members provide support

Young Minds resources - most available free to download or as paper leaflets for a small cost

Someone to talk to films - from Heads Together, conversation films showing how families and friends have worked together to overcome mental health problems

Mental Health and Growing Up Factsheets - large set of factsheets from the Royal College of Psychiatrists

Links

Minded - online high quality e-learning aimed at families, parents and professionals. Lots if issues covered.

Young Minds - young people's mental health and wellbeing

Mind - A-Z of mental health and more

Helplines

Mind Infoline 9am-6pm, Mon-Fri (except for bank holidays) 0300 123 3393  info@mind.org.uk Text: 86463

Heads together - someone to talk to - a round up of useful helplines for mental health problems

Search

Looking for local organisations which can support? Run some searches on the Services Directory! Start with this search for mental health.

Neglect

Neglect is the persistent failure to meet a child’s basic physical and/or psychological needs, likely to result in the serious impairment of the child’s health or development. This serious form of abuse is potentially fatal. It also causes great distress to children and affects their well being in the short and long term.

Tools

Oxfordshire Neglect Practitioners Portal - created to support work around Neglect in Oxfordshire

O.S.C.B Child and Development Checklist (Neglect Toolkit)

DFE Neglect Training resources - useful handouts

Resources for Professionals working with neglected children - Action for Children

Links

Neglect on the OSCB Website

Child Neglect from the NSPCC

Helplines

NSPCC Report a Concern and Childline 0808 800 5000

Search

Neglect on the Oxfordshire Family Information Service Directory

Not in Learning or NIL

All young people aged 16+ have the right to free learning, and should remain in learning, until the end of their second year of post-16 education, or their 18th birthday. This can be at school or college or work-based learning such as an apprenticeship. Their participation in learning is tracked by Oxfordshire County Council and young people who are NEET (not in employment, education or training)  or NIL (not in learning) are offered support to find suitable learning opportunities.

Tools

Register a young person who is NIL or NEET to receive support frrom the EET team

Factsheets, Q&A and more on raising the participation age (RPA)

Links

School Leaving Age on Gov.uk

Secondary school applications in Oxfordshire

The Apprenticeship Finder

Helplines

National Careers Helpline for Teeenagers 0800 100 900 Mon-Sun 8am-10pm

Search

Useful searches include college. Further Education colleges provide late, in-year, part-time and apprenticeship programmes for young people who have missed secondary school admissions or who have decided to leave school. There are also alternative learning providers (including flexible, community-based options) listed in the Opportunity Search on oxme.info.

 

Not sure what issue

Sometimes while it is clear that something is wrong, the issue may be uncertain, hidden or something more than the presenting issue. This section contains some resources which can support exploring concerns, capturing the child's voice and planning for safety.

Tools

My Three Houses App - free app that helps children explore worrying things in their life, for use with a professional.

I am... and All About Me booklets - available from your local Children and Family Centre.

Downloadable templates for My three houses, Fairy and Wizard

Links

Report Child Abuse - Oxfordshire County Council website

NSPCC - every childhood is worth fighting for

Helplines

NSPCC Helpline - 0808 800 5000 - helping adults protect children

Search

Search on the Family Information Service Directory once you have identified an issue which needs support.

Online risky behaviour

Children and adults may struggle to accurately assess risk online. Risky activities include obsessively viewing harmful content, sharing personal information, encouraging risky behaviour, posting or sending harmful content to others, and linking up with strangers online. It can be hard to assess who will be at risk, as individuals can present as technological experts but have poor understanding of risk and a low willingness to seek help. The speed of communication on the internet can create problems very quickly.

Tools

Childnet for Teachers and Professionals - Crossing the line explores online risks like self harm, sexting, cyberbullying and self esteem

ThinkuKnow First 2 a Million explores risky behaviour through a choose-your-own video

Digi-Duck's big decision explores risks in a way friendly to all ages and abilities

Links

NSPCC E-Safety - also links through to the Net Aware guide to social networks

Childnet - resources for parents, professionals and children

ThinkuKnow - CEOP's public information website

Helplines

O2 & NSPCC Parents Helpline  0808 808 5002

Professionals Online Safety Helpline 0344 381 4772 Mon-Fri 10am to 4pm

Search

Find organisations which can help with online risk locally.

Parent abuse

Sometimes called adolescent to parent violence and abuse, this refers to children being violent toward their parents or carers, and can also occur with younger children. 

Toolkits

Information guide: adolescent to parent violence and abuse (APVA)

Links

Family Lives - charity providing parenting support including videos, forums and more

Helplines

Family Lives helpline (formerly Parentline Plus) 0808 800 2222 9am–9pm, Mon-Fri and 10am–3pm Sat-Sun

Search

Organisations which can support with domestic violence on the Family Information Service Directory

Physical Disability

A physical disability is a difference which affects a person's physical functioning. There are many different types of physical disability. And all people are individual and will have diffrent experiences. Physical disabilities can occur alongside learning difficulties. A person may be born with physical disability, or may aquire it at a later date.

Toolkits

Council for Disabled Children Resources portal - Decision making toolkit, EHC models, Easy-Read information and more

SENSS Physical Disabilities Team - Eligibility Criteria and useful downloads in the right-hand column

Scope Early Years Settings Support - inclusive play and more, many more toolkits are available from Scope

Links

Children's Integrated Therapies - Oxford Health

SENSS SEN-ICT-AAC-Team - Assistive and Augmentative technology support for learners

Helpline

Scope Helpline - 0808 800 3333 9am – 5pm weekdays.

Search

Use the Family Information Directory Disability Portal to find services for children, and Livewell Oxfordshire to find services for adults.  

Refugee Families

Children and families which have recently come to the UK having suffered violence, conflict or trauma may suffer particular problems. These can include anxiety, flashbacks, behavioral problems, distress and more.

Tools

Parenting advice for families exposed to conflict - developed by Manchester University and Syrian refugee families, this provides simple strategies in multiple languages.

Links

Refugee Council - Referral, telephone advice, training and more

Asylum Welcome - Oxfordshire's support organisation for asylum seekers, refugees and detainees.

Helplines

Refugee Council telephone advice line for professionals - 020 7346 1134 children@refugeecouncil.org.uk

Search

Local organisations which can support refugees and asylum seekers in Oxfordshire.

Resilience

Resilience refers to the process of overcoming disadvantage or problems in life and bouncing back, or even using problems as growth opportunities. Resilience is a combination of internal characteristics and environmental factors.

Toolkits

BoingBoing Practical resilience resources  - includes videos, resilience frameworks and more.

Links

Developing Resilience from Mind UK.

Helplines

Mind Infoline 0300 123 3393 Text: 86463 open 9am-6pm, Mon-Frid (except bank holidays) info@mind.org.uk

Search

Find organisations in Oxfordshire which can support work around resilience.

Self Care

As children grow older, they learn self care and progressively take responsibility for their own self care (washing, cleaning teeth, treating minor ailments and maintaining health). Some children learn this faster than others, and some require support into adulthood, depending on their needs. It is the responsibility of the parent to care for their child and support their child to learn self care, so a problem with self care usually indicates neglect or other problems within a household, although it can also arise as a response to trauma, abuse or other pressures during adolesecence.

Tools

Self Care Forum Factsheets and Resources

OSCB Neglect Practitioner Portal

Self Care Activities for Teens Poster and list

Self care Step by Step from NHS GGC

Links

Childline taking care of yourself (mental health)

The Mix Your body (physical health)

Helplines

CAMHS SPA - 01865 902515 oxonCAMHSSPA@oxfordhealth.nhs.uk

NSPCC Helpline - 0808 800 5000 help@nspcc.org.uk

Childline 0800 1111

Local Services

Find local services that can help with self care in Oxfordshire.

Self harm

Self harm refers to a behaviour where a person harms themselves. This can happen habitually or at times of stress, and levels of self-harming can change over time. Types of self harm can include doing things that are deliverately risky or psychologically harmful as well as self-injury such as cutting or burning. Self harm increases the risk of severe self injury and suicide. Risky sexual or relationship behaviours or substance abuse can also form part of a pattern of self harming, as can food restriction, medication abuse and over-exercising.

Tools

The CalmHarm App is based on DBT principles and helps manage the urge to self harm

Self Harm Toolkit from the Northamptonshire Mental Health Gateway (Ask Normen)

Links

NHS Self Harm - videos, links and more

Stem-4 - Self Harm - self help, information for friends and more

Mind on Self Harm - Downloadable leaflet, real experieneces, how to help

Self Injury Support Bristol - self harm spectrum, resource hub, helpline for girls and women

For children and young people

Self Harm Page on oxme 

For parents

Coping with self harm ; a guide for parents and carers - evidence basesd strategies from families that have successfully managed a self harm problem

Helplines

CASS Self Injury Helpline 0808 800 8088 FREE Monday to Thursday evenings from 7-10pm for women and girls only

CALM Helpline  0800 58 58 58 7 days a week, 5pm to midnight, for men only

MIND Infoline 0845 766 01630845 766 0163 9.15am-5.15pm Mon-Fri.

Search

Find organisations which can help locally with self harm on the Family Information Service and Livewell Oxfordshire

SEND Early Years

Children with special educational needs and/or disabilities can access a local offer of health and support services to support their development and help them acheive their potential.

Toolkits

Resources and help from the Council for Disabled Children

Early Years SEN Toolkit - resources, activities, strategies, guidance, procedures and more.

Links

Supporting Children under 5 with SEN in Oxfordshire (SEND Local Offer)

Helpline and advice

SENDIASS - impartial information, advice and support to parents of children and young people with SEN and disabilitie, 01865 810516 term time only.

SOS!SEN - friendly, independent and confidential advice on SEN - 020 8538 3731

Search

Find services to support around SEN on the Family Information Service.

SEND Children

Children with special educational needs and/or disabilities can access a local offer of health and support services to support their development and help them acheive their potential, usually supported with an Education Health Care Plan (EHCP).

Toolkits

SEN Support and Resources - Oxfordshire Schools Intranet

Resources and help from the Council for Disabled Children

Links

The SEND Local Offer includes  education, health and care services for children and young people, and information about support available.

Helpline and advice

SENDIASS - impartial information, advice and support to parents of children and young people with SEN and disabilitie, 01865 810516 term time only.

SOS!SEN - friendly, independent and confidential advice on SEN - 020 8538 3731

Search

Find services to support around SEN on the Family Information Service.

SEND preparing for adulthood

Young people who have learning difficulties and disabilities face challenges when preparing for adulthood, but with the right support can access paid employment and independent living and housing, while maintaining good health, friendships, relationships and community belonging.

Toolkits

Getting a Job - Booklet for adults with learning difficulties and their family/carers
We are the Strongest Link - Easy Read transition support

Links

Moving into adulthood on the Oxfordshire County Council website

Preparing for Adulthood - National programme supporting families and professionals

Helplines

SENDIASS (Parents Partnership) independent information and advice

Search

Find organisations providing moving into adulthood support for young people with LDD/SEN 

Sexting

Sexting describes the activity of sending sexually explicit content to someone using phones or the internet. Many adults do this in a relationship context. A small minority of children do this as part of sexual development. It is illegal to take, share and distribute images of under 18s, but the police take a protective approach and avoid inappropriately criminalising children. Problems can also occur in the context of an another person using intimate images to bully, coerce or blackmail someone else (revenge porn).

Tools

Stay Safe: Don't send is a video and workbook from the Children's Society designed for use with Roma and Gypsy communities, focussed on prevention for young people at risk or under pressure to sext.

So you got Naked Online from the South West Grid for Learning is focussed on managing an incident and supports recovery and removal of images.

Links

Sexting from the NSPCC

For parents

Nude Selfies from Think U Know is a lighthearted, supportive exploration of talking to your children, managing risk and supporting recovery.

Slavery, Modern Slavery

Modern slavery includes forced or compulsory labour, exploitation and abuse for financial gain and human trafficking. Modern slavery victims often face more than one type of abuse, are often moved around (trafficked) between or within countries and may resist or flee attempts to provide support. 

Tools

Modern Slavery Information on Gov.uk - posters, leaflets in multiple languages and more

Child Trafficking and Modern Slavery leaflets from the NSPCC

Modern Slavery Helpline frontline professionals toolkit -  resources, spot the signs, National Referral Mechanism, duty to notify (report) potential victims and more

Links

Modern Slavery and Trafficking confidential referral service, safe houses, legal support and more from the Salvation Army

Child Trafficking by the NSPCC Facts, support available, latest research and more

Helplines

Salvation Army Modern Slavery helpline helpline 0300 303 8151 - you can call if you consider yourself to be a victim of modern slavery and are in need of assistance, to make an official referral for a victim, or to discuss a concern

The Modern Slavery Helpline - 08000 121 700 - report a concern, get advice

Search

Find local organisations which can help victims of crime or exploitation.

Smoking

Smoking is a health harm which harms the smoker and everyone in the household. It is particularly damaging for developing brains, with particular risk points for babies (before and after birth) and adolescents. There are well-understood negative long-term health effects (cancer, blindness, limb loss, lung collapse, etc.) for first, second and third hand smoke. Smoking impacts disproportionately on people who are already stressed by other problems, like poverty, debt, mental illness, substance misuse or a history of abuse because people already suffering problems are more likely to smoke and less likely to quit. On the bright side, positive changes in someone's life make it easier to quit smoking, and access to free smoking cessation support (nicotine replacement therapy or e-cigarettes) is freely available - although some people quitting show better results if they pay for quitting tools themselves. Although smoking may seem like a minor problem, the positive effects of quitting are substantial, and can have powerful knock-on effects in other parts of the person's life as their health, income and belief in their own capacity for change improves.

Tools

Mental health and Smoking myth-buster - although designed for mental health settings, this excellent myth-buster is applicable to any support setting and addresses staff who smoke, effects on mental health, E-cigarettes and more

NHS Smokefree the official NHS site with all the suport you need by email, app, text and more

The National Centre for Smoking Cessation and Training - online training, briefings, 30s interventions, standard smoking cessation rpogrammes, videos and more

Smoking in pregnancy challenge group materials - materials in different langauges, e-cigarettes and pregnancy

Ash Factsheets, materials to support people suffering from health inequalities and more

Helpline

Smokefree National Helpline 0300 123 1044 Mon-Fri 9am-8pm annd Sat-Sun 11am-4pm

Links

NHS Stop Smoking 

The WebMD Smoking Cessation Centre

Someone quitting is four times as likely to succeed if they have structured support and nicotine replacement therapy. Support is available via GP, Pharmacist, local services, online, via apps, commercially etc.

Local Services

Smokefree Oxfordshire - Free local support to stop smoking

Search for more services and information on smoking.

Suicide

Suicide is the act of a person taking steps to end their life. Men, women, and children may be at risk during times of stress, low mood, or mental distress. Research shows that asking someone directly if they are feeling suicidal does not increase the likelihood of someone acting on their feelings or the likelihood of others feeling suicidal. Although it is extremely important to take people seriously when they talk about feeling suicidal, often feeling actively suicidal is temporary, and people can be successfully supported to move through the crisis.

Tools

Samaritans Listening Tips - SHUSH - simple tips to listen that anyone can use

Stay Alive Suicide Prevention App - information and tools to help those at risk stay safe in a crisis

Young people's Emotional Health Resource - from the Samaritans

Finding the Words - supporting someone bereaved by suicide

Links

Grassroots Suicide Prevention - resources links, tools, app and more

What Should I do if I know someone who is feeling suicidal - Samaritans

Papyrus - Prevention of Youth Suicide

Oxme suicide page - Information tailored for oxfordshire young people

Helplines

Samaritans 116 123 - email, phone, visit, write, 24/7

Papyrus Hopeline 0800 068 41 41 Mon-Fri: 10am-10pm, weekends: 2pm-10pm & bank holidays: 2pm-5pm

Childline - 0800 1111 

Young Minds Parents Helpline - 0808 802 5544 Mon-Fri 9.30-4pm

Search

Find organisations in Oxfordshire which can provide support around suicide.

Terrorism, extremism, radicalisation

While only a very small minority of people you come into contact with will have direct involvement in terrorism, most people will feel the effects through news stories and some can become very distressed, particularly those with vulnerabilities.

Tools

A generic framework for discussing a terrorist attack - useful tool from the PSHE foundation

Addressing Extremism and Terrorism Key Stage 4 (age-14-15) Lesson Plans - from the PSHE Foundation

The Behaviour Barometer - a useful tool for categorising behaviour and identifying concerns

Links

Prevent E-learning - All practitioners in all settings should complete some form of Prevent training. This online version updates regularly and is quick to complete.

Terrorism on Gov.uk - includes reporting routes and duties in section 3

Educate against Hate - practical advice, information and resources for protecting against extremism and radicalisation 

Helplines

Government counter-extremism helpline - 020 7340 7264 Mon-Fri 9am-6pm (excluding bank holidays) counter.extremism@education.gov.uk

Search

Looking for local organisations that can support? Run some searches on the Service Directory. Start with this search for radicalisation.

Trans, transgender, gender variant

Gender variance and transgender issues (where there there's a mismatch between biological sex and gender identity) have existed for a long time, but in recent years better information, protection by law and effective support through the NHS have greatly improved the experience of individuals of all ages who are trans or questioning.

Toolkits

Mermaids information factsheet for professional people working with gender variant and transgender young people under 18 years - comprehensive information from the leading charity supporting transgender young people and their families

Memaids Trans Inclusion Toolkit - written for Brighton and Hove schools but useful for aoll settings

Gendered Intelligence Knowledge is Power - information resource for families with a trans member

Gender Identity Research and Education E-Learning - also check out resources for an extensive factsheet library

Links

Mermaids UK - The UK charity supporting transgender children and their families

Gender Dysphoria on the NHS - overview, treatment, and useful links

Discrimination - It is illegal to disriminate against a person because they are trans or transitioning

Helpline

Mermaids Helpline 0344 334 0550 9am-8pm Mon-Fri (you can also leave a message)

Books

The Gender Book - online book exploring the beautiful diversity of gender

See The Mermaids Factsheet for more book suggestions.

Search

Find local organisations that can support trans people and their families on the Family Information Service and Livewell Oxfordshire.

Trauma, post-traumatic stress

Children who have been through traumatic experiences such as abuse, neglect or removal from home can suffer ongoing emotional effects. These can interfere with their emotional state, relationships, development and progression.

Tools

101 Mindful arts-based activities to get children and adolescents talking - online version of Dawn D'Amico's book

Nice Guide to Therapeutic Interventions after abuse and neglect

Links

Post-traumatic Stress on Youngminds 

Helplines

Childline - 0800 1111 the helpline for children

Youngminds Parents Helpline 9.30am-4pm, Mon- Fri

Recommended Books

A Terrible Thing Happened – a story for children who have witnessed violence or trauma by Margaret M.Holmes

Directory Search

Don't forget to look  for local organisations which can help with trauma, like SAFE, BYHP and others.

Truancy, non-attendance, absenteeism, school refusal

When a child or family has problems, absence from school may not seem like the most urgent thing to solve. However, children who miss schooling for any reason (it doesn't matter if they truant, refuse, or have reasons) later in life risk lower earnings, more mental health and substance misuse issues and more crime and anti-social behaviour. School is also a useful source of routine and support. Non attendance can result from truancy (defiant/refusing to go to school/absconding), school refusal (avoidant/withdrawing from school/hiding), family and friend issues (family or friends encourage/allow child to not attend), or general household disorganisation. But investigation of reasons should not distract or delay strategies to support attendance, as every day of education missed counts. Absenteeism as a response to anxiety, conflicts with other students or the challenge of learning is a very dangerous response, which quickly establishes and causes more anxiety, leading to more absences. It is important also to check whether the student is being drawn away from school by other responsibilities (caring for/being with someone), opportunities (early economic activity/relationship forming) or pressures (exploitation/crime). Adults can also suffer from absenteeism, and absenteeism can be learned from or reinforced by other family members.

Tools

Note: All schools have access to more tools and programmes to support better attendance.

Minded - Refusal to go to school - Easy Read leaflet, interactive activity

Big Hopes Big Future school readiness worksheets from Homestart

Oxford Owl Ready for school  - includes a great fridge checklist for first day at school

PACEY - Spotlight on school readiness  includes Steps to Starting School poster

Links

OxfordOWL -  tools and advice to help parents support children through primary school

WebMD on School Refusal - online guide for parents and professionals

Family Lives on Truanting - video and advice

Books

Understanding school refusal: a handbook for professionals in education, health and social care - Karen J. Grandison, Louise De-Hayes, and M. S. Thambirajah

Helplines

YoungMinds Parents Helpline  freephone 0808 802 5544 (Mon-Fri 9:30 - 16:00).

Local Organisations

County Attendance Team - Schools Intranet

OXSIT - School Inclusion team

Underwear Rule (protective behaviours)

Resources which teach or promote behaviours which support children to resist and report sexual abuse, materials which promote respectful relationship behaviour, and services for young people who may represent a sexual harm risk to others.

Tools

Underwear Rule - from the NSPCC

Barnardo's Real Love Rocks - healthy relationships /cse resources

Resource category CSE and Sexual Abuse Social Worker's Toolbox - includes content for younger children

Parents Protect Resources - postcards, posters, family safety plans

Books

Your body belongs to you by Cornelia Spelman
I’s my body by Lory Freeman
Some secrets should never be kept by Jaynee Sanders
The right to touch by Sandy Kleven

Links

Sexual Abuse - signs, symptoms, prevention, from the NSPCC 

Oxfordshire CAHMS - see services for high risk young people (this includes CAHBS and Forensic CAMHS) and Horizon

Parents Protect - National Charity to prevent child sexual abuse

Helplines

NSPCC Report a Concern - 0808 800 5000 24/7 help@nspcc.org.uk

Parents Protect! Stop it Now helpline 0808 1000 900. 9am-9pm Mon-Thu, 9am-5pm Fri help@stopitnow.org.uk,

Search

Local organisations which can help with issues around abuse.

Unhappiness

Pesistent unhappiness is often a sign of other problems in someone's life, but can happen in isolation or without cause. Constant or severe unhappiness risks depression. Where depression is suspected, a person should notify their GP for support and treatment.

Toolkits

Action for Happiness Wellbeing Toolkit

Mind Wellbeing resource

Links

Oxfordshire Mind - local support and short courses for adults 16+

Oxfordshire Talkingspace - overcoming anxiety and depression together

Mind - information, support for supporters, helpline moreCAM

CALM Campaign against living miserably - for young men

Helplines

Oxfordshire Mind - mental health info line 01865 247788 9.30am – 4.30pm (mon – fri)

Calmzone helpline - for men 0800 58 58 58

Mind National Helpline - 0300 123 3393 9am-6pm Mon-Fri except bank holidays

Search

Organisations which can help with depression on the Family Information Service Directory

 

Unemployed

Joblessness is a problem both for the adults in a family and for young people. For adults, any kind of regular work (including part time and voluntary) is beneficial, raising self-esteem, improving household finances and increasing agency. For young people, part time work boosts earning potential and improves prospects, supporting the successful transition to independent adulthood. Although there are many barriers to employment, including learning difficulties, disability, carea and parental responsibilities and health problems, support is available to address these challenges.

Tools

National Careers Service Skills Health Check

Motimator App from the Mix

Oxfordshire Opportunities search for young people aged 16-19 (up to 24 with learning difficulties or disabilities)

i-could buzz quiz super-short and fun careers quiz

Links

Help with moving from benefits to work on Gov.uk

Job seeking on oxme.info for young people

Helplines

National Careers Helpline 0800 100 900 Mon-Sun 8am-10pm

Search

Orangisations which can help with jobseeking in Oxfordshire.

Visual Impairment, sight loss, blind

Visual impairment means that a person's sight cannot be corrected by usual means, such as glasses. Visual impairment can occur alongside other disabilities. It may be present at birth or happen at a later age. 

Toolkits

RNIB Knowledge Hub for Professionals 

SENSS Visual Impairment Team - sligibility for service and other useful downloads in the right column

Links

Sensory Impairment Team - Oxfordshire County Council Social Care

Inegrated Therapy for Children - Oxford Health

Health Services for Children with SEN - Look under Eye Health

SENSS SEN-ICT-AAC Team - Alterntaive and augmentative communication support through ICT

Helpline

RNIB Helpline 0303 123 9999 from Mon-Fri 8.45am-5.30pm, Sat 9.30am-1pm.

Search

Search for services to support visual impairment on the Family Information Service and Livewell Oxfordshire

Voice of the child

Capturing the voice of the child during any work with them can be challenging, but it is key to effective working. Here are some tools in use in Oxfordshire to capture the voice, views and needs of the child.

Tools

Mind of my own app - Oxfordshire County Council holds a license which  means this can be used by any child in service to provide fast confidential feedback.

Safety House - template and guide. From the Neglect Practitioner's Portal, this is ideal for situations which require safety planning.

3 Houses - guide to how to use this tool effectively.

Wizard and fairy - guide to how to use these tools effectively.

Links

Oxfordshire Safeguarding children Board Multi-agency procedures - look under captiuring the child's voice 

Neglect Practitioner Portal Tools and interventions - look under case mapping tools

Young Carer

A young carer is a child (under 18) who looks after an adult. This could be because of a disbility, or a physical or mental health issue, or for another reason such as substance misuse.

Tools

Carers UK Help and Support - practical, emotional, and more

Carers UK Factsheets - Carer's Allowance, Council Tax, coming out of hospital and more

Carer's Allowance Leaflet and Posters - All about studying while claiming Carer's Allowance 

Links

Carers Oxfordshire - support for carers of all ages, carers groups in your area, and more

Young carers on the Schools Intranet

Helplines

Carers UK Adviceline - 0808 808 7777 Mon-Fri, 10am-4pm, listening service Mon-Tue, from 9am-7pm.

Search

Organisations which can support young carers on the Family Information Service directory

Record managed by Activities Oxfordshire